Ecological housing and sustainability
Ecological houses are those that use bioclimatic design strategies and use natural materials in their construction process, thus respecting people’s health and the environment.
What is sustainability?
In ecology, sustainability describes how biological systems remain productive over time. It refers to the balance of a species with the resources of its environment.
Sustainability is a socio-ecological process characterized by a behavior in search of a common ideal. It is a term linked to the action of the human being in relation to its environment, it refers to the balance that exists in a species based on its environment and all the factors or resources it has to make the operation of all its parts possible, without the need for damage or sacrifice the capabilities of another environment. On the other hand, sustainability in terms of objectives, means meeting the needs of current generations, but without affecting the capacity of future generations, and in operational terms, promoting economic and social progress while respecting natural ecosystems and the quality of the environment.
The first thing we should keep in mind is that they must be self-sufficient and self-regulated, with cheap maintenance that does not depend on non-local sources of energy. Therefore, the energy must come mostly from free natural sources. In addition, they promote recycling so they reuse rainwater, save resources … That is, they must use clean energy and have zero emissions.
In the delivery of this first article, we will show you an ecological house in Jumilla-Murcia.
This house is located in the Sierra de la Pila (Jumilla – Murcia). It has 85 m2, organized on the ground floor and in two geodesic domes, one of 8 meters in diameter for the living room-kitchen and another of 6 meters in diameter for the bedroom and toilet. A corridor connects the two domes and serves as an entrance hall. The house uses natural materials or consistent with the criteria of bioconstruction.
The plot lacks electricity and water supply, so the house has been designed with bioclimatic strategies, integrating renewable energy and water purification systems so that it can be self-sufficient. At the climate level, they have taken into account three key points; a good thermal envelope with great thermal insulation thickness; Air renewal and air conditioning using Canadian wells, which use the thermal inertia of the land itself; heating by means of two small biomass boilers.
Below we can see the images of this ecological housing.
Passive or sustainable houses have been reproduced by hundreds of places in Spain in recent years. And now they take a step forward: not only are isolated homes built, but apartment buildings, offices, hotels, schools and even health centers. With which to bet on this type of housing, they have become a way of living much more respectful and integrated with the nature that surrounds us.